The Tower of London in England

The Tower of London, founded by William the Conqueror in 1066 has Outstanding Universal price for the subsequent cultural qualities:
Its landmark siting, for each protection and management of the town of London: because the gateway to the capital, the Tower was in result the gateway to the new Norman kingdom. Sited strategically at a bend within the River Thames, it's been an important demarcation purpose between the facility of the developing town of London, and therefore the power of the monarchy. It had the twin role of providing protection for the town through its defensive structure and therefore the provision of a garrison, and of additionally controlling the voters by constant means that. The Tower literally ‘towered’ over its surroundings till the nineteenth century.

As a logo of Norman power: The Tower of London was designed as an illustration of Norman power. The Tower represents quite the other structure the far-reaching significance of the mid 11th-century Norman Conquest of England, for the impact it had on fostering nearer ties with Europe, on English language and culture and in making one among the foremost powerful monarchies in Europe. The Tower has an iconic role as reflecting the last military conquest of England.
As an excellent example currently 11th-century innovative Norman military architecture: because the most complete survival of an 11th-century fortress palace remaining in Europe, the White Tower, and its later thirteenth and 14th century additions, belong to a series of edifices that were at the leading edge of military building technology internationally. They represent the apogee of a sort of refined castle style, that originated in Normandy and unfold through Norman lands to England and Wales.

As a model example of a Medieval fortress palace that evolved from the eleventh to sixteenth centuries: The additions of Henry III and Edward I, and significantly the highly innovative development of the palace at intervals the fortress, created the Tower into one among the foremost innovative and influential castle sites in Europe within the thirteenth and early 14th centuries, and far of their work survives. Palace buildings were added to the royal advanced right up till the sixteenth century, though few currently stand higher than ground. The survival of palace buildings at the Tower permits a rare glimpse into the lifetime of a medieval monarch at intervals their fortress walls. The Tower of London may be a rare survival of a continuously developing ensemble of royal buildings, evolving from the eleventh to the sixteenth centuries, and as such has nice significance nationally and internationally.

For its association with State institutions: the continual use of the Tower by successive monarchs fostered the event of many major State establishments. These incorporated such elementary roles because the nation’s defence, its records, and its coinage. From the late thirteenth century, the Tower was a significant repository for official documents, and precious merchandise owned by the Crown. The presence of the Crown Jewels, kept at the Tower since the seventeenth century, are a reminder of the fortress’s role as a repository for the Royal Wardrobe.

As the setting for key historical events in European history: The Tower has been the setting for a few of the foremost momentous events in European and British History. Its role as a stage upon that history is enacted is one among the key parts that have contributed towards the Tower’s standing as an iconic structure. Arguably the foremost vital building of the Norman Conquest, the White Tower symbolised the would possibly and longevity of the new order. The imprisonments within the Tower, of Edward V and his younger brother within the fifteenth century, and then within the sixteenth century of 4 English queens, 3 of them executed on Tower inexperienced – Anne Boleyn, Catherine Howard and Jane gray – with solely Elizabeth I escaping, formed English history. The Tower additionally helped form the Reformation in England, as each Catholic and Protestant prisoners (those that survived) recorded their experiences and helped outline the Tower as an area of torture and execution.

A monument symbolic of royal power since the time of William the Conqueror, the Tower of London served as an excellent model throughout the dominion from the top of the eleventh century. Like it, several keeps were in-built stone: e.g. Colchester, Rochester, Hedingham, Norwich, or Carisbrooke Castle on the Isle of Wight.

The White Tower is that the example par excellence of the royal Norman castle within the late eleventh century. The ensemble of the Tower of London may be a major reference for the history of medieval military design.

roon inside the Tower of London